Skip to main content

Ethel M. (Clayton) Montgomery Photograph Collection, 1934-1989

Identifier: PCA 348

Scope and Contents

Box 1: The photograph collection, ca. 1934-1989, contains black-and-white and color photographs, slides, illustrations, and graphics from ANAC and Montgomery's personal papers. Subjects include Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative Association, Inc., Tlingit Indians art, Alaskan Eskimos art, Alaskan natives industries, tuberculosis in Alaska.

Box 2: Before her death Ethel Montgomery documented her adoption by Chilkat weaver, Jennie Thlunaut (pronounced Kla-naut) and her naming ceremony and potlatch with a five page narrative and 30 color photographs taken at the event. Other photos: Color photos of “[Ceremony] hosted by Austin Hammond“at Peace Rock, also called “Deer Rock” or “Guwakaan Teyee” August 17, 1983; Color photos of Jennie Thlunaut at Haines Museum; Black and White photos of the ANAC cache; Black and white photos at King Island.

Box 2, Cont’d: Named on verso of photos: Jennie Thlunaut, Klukwan Haines: Dolly (Abbott) Phillips (married to Fred Phillips, daughter of Tlingit elder Lilly Nigh), Juneau; Ida Kadashan, Hoonah; George Dalton; Charlie Jimmy; Daisy Phillips; Emma Marks; Horace Marks; Bear blanket, Eagle blanket; Killer whale button blanket; Agnes Bellinger; Supreme Court Judge Robert Boochives. Note: A KTOO recording of the Peace Rock ceremony event may exist according to notes in the collection.


  • 1934-1989

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is unrestricted. However, the photographs may not be photocopied.

Conditions Governing Use

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be discussed with the Librarian. Photocopying does not constitute permission to publish.

Biographical / Historical

Ethel M. (Clayton) Montgomery, collector and promoter of Native arts and crafts, docent, and well-known Juneau hostess, was born on March 12, 1896 in northeastern Nebraska, Montgomery graduated from Wayne State Normal. She taught elementary school in Nebraska and married Ivil J. Montgomery in 1917. The Montgomerys had three children -- Jean, Chloe, and Neil C. After they arrived in Juneau, Alaska in 1949, Ethel Montgomery actively promoted the sale of products, handmade by Native artisans, through the Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Clearinghouse, later renamed the Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative Association, Inc., known from its inception as ANAC. Montgomery was advisor and volunteer at the ANAC Cache, an outlet for Native arts and crafts in Juneau. She was a well-known docent at the Alaska State Museum and led local tours for local groups such as the Juneau Chamber of Congress. Montgomery remained active until her death on January 31, 1989, in Juneau.


1 Cubic Feet : 2 boxes

Language of Materials



Ethel Montgomery's collection of Alaska Native Arts and Crafts Cooperative, Inc. (ANAC) business records and personal memorabilia was donated to the Library by daughter, Jean C. Berg in 1989-1990 (Acc. 89-5, 89-33, 90-2). This includes Manuscript 136, the Ethel Montgomery Papers. Additional materials donated by Jean C. Berg (Accession # 2008-19).

Existence and Location of Copies

Photographs digitized and available for viewing via Alaska's Digital Archives: 212-222, 225-229, 231-241, 243, 283-285, 287-288, 362-364, 734, 739, 767, 777, 793-794, 816-817, 826, 833, 838-839

Related Materials

A collection of papers and some accompanying photos housed separately in MS 136, Ethel M. (Clayton) Montgomery Papers, 1934-1989.

Processing Information

The collection was received unorganized. Whenever possible the original order was maintained. The collection is described at item level, with names of those photographed listed in Scope and Contents note as well. The photographs are grouped by format and type of artwork. The photos in the second box arrived in bundles with rubber bands around them, with three loose photos following. Photos were also in stationary envelopes. They were placed in plastic album sheets and added to the collection. Newspaper clippings were photocopied and loose papers with type or photos glued to the surface were placed in plastic sleeves. Inventories available below. A collection of papers and some accompanying photos housed separately in MS 136. See also MS136-3-23 Artists business records, and ANAC name s & citations clippings.

Finding aid for the Ethel M. (Clayton) Montgomery Photograph Collection, 1934-1989
In Progress
Processed: October 1994 by Ellen Fitzgerald and Gladi Kulp ; Revised: Amelia Jenkins, March 2007 ; Revised: Anastasia Tarmann, July 2008 ; ArchivesSpace finding aid by: Sandy Johnston
2019 May
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Alaska State Library - Historical Collections Finding Aids Repository

PO Box 110571
Juneau AK 99811-0571 US
907-465-2151 (Fax)