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Winter and Pond Collection, Southeast and Alaska-Yukon related views, 1893-1943

Identifier: PCA 87

Content Description

Photographs, panoramas and portraits recording Alaska's diverse population, the gold rush of the Klondike in 1898, the Juneau gold belt hard rock mining operations (1,200 mining photographs), Tlingit Indians and traditional activities such as potlatch gatherings, dances, and social conditions (350 images), frontier boom towns, ships, and scenic landscapes.


  • 1893-1943



Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open to research.

Conditions Governing Use

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be discussed with the Librarian. Photocopying does not constitute permission to publish.

Historical Note

Lloyd Winter and Percy Pond preserved the legacy of Alaska's past through their photographs, taken over a period of 50 years. The studios of Winter and Pond Company in Juneau, Alaska, provided local residents and visitors with a rich perspective of Alaska that is now considered a unique reflection of the state in the early 20th century. During the company's existence, Alaska expanded mining, fishing, and resource development into profitable ventures that transformed it from a frontier district to a thriving territory of the United States.

The portraits that Winter and Pond produced show the diversity of Alaska's people through the years, from the gold rush of the Klondike in 1898 to the end of the mining operations in the Juneau Gold Belt District during the 1940s. Above all, Winter and Pond made an outstanding contribution to our understanding of Tlingit Indian culture by photographing traditional Tlingit social customs and cultural activities just prior to the rapid changes of the 20th century.

Lloyd V. Winter (1866-1945) and E. Percy Pond (1872-1943) arrived in Juneau in 1893 to find a prosperous mining community that was on the verge of developing the multi-million dollar Juneau Gold Belt. Communities from Thane, Douglas, and Treadwell to Windham Bay, Point Sherman, and a half a dozen load mines were thriving mining locations by the early 1900s. For 50 years, Winter and Pond photographed the growth and decline of the mining industry in Alaska and Canada. The 1,200 mining photographs in the Winter and Pond Collection provide a significant insight into the operations and living conditions of the hard rock mining industry. As the partners watched Southeast Alaska thrive, they also observed the Tlingit culture cope with the social changes thrust upon it. As adopted members of a Tlingit family, Winter and Pond had an intense interest in the Tlingit culture and the impact of foreign settlement on the lives of Southeast Alaska’s natives. The partners recorded traditional activities such as potlatch gatherings and dances. The 350 images of Tlingits are evidence of the photographers' admiration of the rich heritage of the Alaska Native people and reveal an intimate view of Tlingit customs and social conditions.

During their careers as professional photographers and businessmen, Winter and Pond chronicled Alaska's history by recording the boom towns, ships, miners, and landscapes in a unique style of photography that represented Alaska's frontier and growth. They also produced several publications, including Types of Alaska Natives and Totems of Alaska. Today, viewers recognize the Winter and Pond photographs as a valuable documentary of Alaska’s past.

Winter and Pond operated their Juneau-based curio and photography studio for over 50 years. In 1945, two years after the death of Percy Pond, Lloyd Winter turned the business over to Francis Harrison, who maintained the Winter and Pond Company until it closed in 1956. Thousands of original glass plates and nitrate negatives were stored until 1981, when William Jorgenson, a Juneau resident who knew Winter and Pond, donated the images to the Alaska State Library. Mr. Jorgenson's efforts were instrumental in the preservation of the glass plates that are now viewed by local residents and people from around the world wishing to catch a glimpse into Alaska's past.

In 1981-1982, the Alaska State Library received funds from the Alaska State Legislature to produce a guide to the Winter and Pond Collection and to print and preserve the original glass plates and negatives. Richard Engen, Phyllis DeMuth, and Verda Carey began work on the Winter and Pond photo listings. R.N. DeArmond and Marilyn Kwock compiled the descriptions. Carol Ottesen assigned subject headings, and Ronald Klein provided expertise on the printing and handling of the original glass plates and nitrate negatives.

India M. Spartz, Photographs Librarian, Historical Library Section, Alaska State Library


around 3000 Photographic Prints

Language of Materials


Other Finding Aids

Published inventory: Guide to the Winter and Pond collection : Southeast and Alaska-Yukon related views, 1893-1943, India M. Spartz, ed., 1989.

Existence and Location of Originals

INVENTORY OF ORIGINAL NEGATIVES - Negatives stored in freezer in Vault

17 Boxes of RA – RQ ; 5 Boxes of RT, RU, RV, RW, RX ; 2 Boxes of RY: Box 1: 1 – 50, Box 2: 51 – 70, 80 – 88 ; 2 Boxes of RZ: Box 1: 1-53, Box 2: 54-106 ; 1 Box of XA ; 2 Boxes of XB: Box 1: 3-64 ; [Missing 1,2,25,32. Two numbered 46 – not the same picture. Two numbered 52 – not the same picture.] ; Box 2: 65-130 [Missing 76, 77, 78, 79. One picture unnumbered – Front St. Juneau Drug, Percy’s. Negative of PCA 87-180. Negative of PCA 87-526.]

7 Boxes of Panoramas (rolled):

Box 1: 87-1-1 to 87-1-9a, 87-1-11 to 87-1-17 ; Box 2: 87-1-18, 87-1-20 to 87-1-29a, 87-1-31 to 87-1-38 ; Box 3: 87-1-39, 87-1-41, 87-1-44, 87-1-45, 87-1-47 to 87-1-54, 87-1-56 to 87-1-62, 87-1-64, 87-1-65 ; Box 4: 87-1-66 to 87-1-77 ; Box 5: 87-1-78 to 87-1-79b, 87-1-81 to 87-1-95 ; Box 6: 87-1-96a to 87-1-112 ; Box 7: 87-1-113 to 87-1-121

Also located in freezer:

Box tied with twill tape: 4 ¾” x approximately 12” These acetate negatives, shot with a swing lens camera, were tightly rolled when acquired by the library. They were unrolled and taped down to individual sheets of glass. In 2009 the negatives were removed from the glass, foldered, boxed, and stored in the freezer.

#18 through #72

Existence and Location of Copies

Also available on microfiche.

Existence and Location of Copies

Some photographs in this collection have been digitized and are available to view via Alaska's Digital Archives.

Related Materials

Other Winter & Pond collections include: PCA 117, PCA 21, and PCA 316.

Finding Aid for the Winter and Pond Collection, Southeast and Alaska-Yukon related views, 1893-1943
In Progress
Finding aid prepared by: Richard Engen, Phyllis DeMuth, Verda Carey, R.N. DeArmond, and Marilyn Kwok, and edited by India M. Spartz, 1989 ; ArchivesSpace Finding Aid by: Ginny Jacobs, 5/9/2019
2001 March
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Alaska State Library - Historical Collections Finding Aids Repository

PO Box 110571
Juneau AK 99811-0571 US
907-465-2151 (Fax)